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美版知乎:中国如此现代化,为何印度落后了

2020-2-4 09:29| 发布者: 幸福√影子| 查看: 95| 评论: 0

摘要: Why is China so modern while India is lagging behind?(2) 为什么中国如此现代化,而印度却落后了?(2) 以下是Quora读者的评论: Varun Nair, Passion for Indian Politics India is planning on building i ...
Why is China so modern while India is lagging behind?(2) 为什么中国如此现代化,而印度却落后了?(2) 以下是Quora读者的评论: Varun Nair, Passion for Indian Politics India is planning on building its first bullet train between Mumbai and Vadodara,and it was supposed to be built by 2023. 印度正计划建筑孟买至瓦杜达拉之间的第一组高铁列车,预计将于2023年建成。 Background: 背景: India and Japan signed a MoU to undertake a joint feasibility study of the Mumbai-Ahmedabad route in New Delhi in September 2013.The project is estimated to cost 1.1 lakh crore (US$16 billion),including the cost of 24 trainsets, interest during construction and import duties.JICA agreed to fund 81% of the total project cost 88,087 crore (US$13 billion), through a 50-year loan at an interest rate of 0.1% with a moratorium on repayments up to 15 years and the remaining cost will be borne by the state governments of Maharashtra and Gujarat.20% of the components used on the corridor will be supplied by Japan, and manufactured in India. 印度和日本于2013年9月在新德里签署了一份谅解备忘录,就孟买至艾哈迈达巴德路线进行联结可行性研究。项目估量成本1.1万亿卢比(合160亿美元),其中包括24列车的成本,以及施工期间的利息和进口关税。JICA允许通过50年贷款,利率为0.1%,赞助项目总成本的81%—8808.7亿卢比(合130亿美元),最长可延期15年,其余部分将由马哈拉施特拉邦和古吉拉特邦政府承担。工程约20%的组件将由日本供应,在印度创造。 Now the video… 接下来是视频… This is a video by ABP news where they are making a documentary on the progress of the bullet train project which is scheduled to be completed by 2023.The video was released on Jan 23 2019,hence maybe they shot the video in nov-dec period,whatever might be the case it is obvious that the construction phase should have begun in order to complete it on the time.But the truth was, 这是ABP新闻的视频,他们正在制造一个关于高铁列车项目发展的纪录片,该项目计划在2023年完成。该视频公布于2019年1月23日,因而可能拍摄于11月- 12月期间,无论如何,很明显,为了能如期完工,项目都该开始建设了。但现实是, As you can see,”research” is being done in the place which is supposed to have a underground pass. Again sad state the government takes forever to begin things. Nextly, 正如你所看到的,“研究”是在应该有地下通道的地方进行的。但依然可悲的是,政府永远都无奈让某项工程顺利开工。 下一个,
The land that you see to your right,is where the bullet train will pass by.The land is still owned by famous company Godrej and they wouldn't let the government have this land to build the project here and are going on a long and fierce court battle to win the case.Then instead suggest that,the project be shifted to the other side of the road which is also owned by Godrej,and the project be built there.How ridiculous?They want a bullet train plan to be changed just because it's inconvenient for them. Next, 你可以看到的右手边的地方,就是高铁列车经过的地方。这片土地仍然属于著名的Godrej公司,他们不肯将这片土地转让给政府来建设这里的项目,为了打赢官司,他们正在进行一场漫长而激烈的诉讼大战。他们建议将项目移到路的另一边,一样也是Godrej拥有的地方,在那里建筑项目。这有多可笑?他们想要左右高铁计划,原因只是这对他们不方便。 接下来, This is a stats slide where it's clearly mentioned that out of the 1080 pieces of land that need to be acquire,only 40% i.e about 546 pieces of land has been acquired.Out of 461 hectare land that need to be acquired on the Maharashtra side only 66 Hectare has been acquired while on the Gujarat side,put of the 971 hectare land that needs to be acquired,only 450 hectare land has been acquired. Next, 这个数据很清楚地提到在1080块土地中,惟独40%,也即大约有546块土地已完成征用。在马哈拉施特拉邦需要征用的461公顷土地中,惟独66公顷完成征用,而在古吉拉特邦,在需要征用的971公顷土地中,惟独450公顷完成征用。 接下来,
This guy is telling that news reporter that the adivasi(translation:tribal people),won't give the land away for any amount of money.Are you serious?How can you not give your land when the government is asking for it plus,they are going to pay you remuneration for the same! Next,he talks about how the project isn't beneficial to them.You be the judge for yourself. Moving on, 这个人告诉新闻记者,adivasi(部落居民)无论出价多少都不会出让土地。你是认真的吗?当政府要求时,你怎么能拒绝出让你的土地,更何况他们是会给补偿的!接下来,他说这个项目对他们没有好处。你们心中自有决断。 译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49256.html 译者:Joyceliu You can always watch the complete video,the link to it is given in the footnote of the title. 你可以随时观看完整的视频 Hence we can come up with 2 major points:- 1.The government takes forever to do things. 2.Since India is a democratic nation we can't just take land away from people without fighting them in courts or making them happy by incurring loss yourself. 因而,我们可以得出两点结论: 1.政府永远都无奈迈出第一步。 2.鉴于印度是一个国家,我们无奈绕过法庭就这么从人民手中夺走土地,也不能让他们遭受了损失还不生气。 On contrary,if this things were to happen in China,they would make things happen as fast as possible as china has always believed in showing itself to be progressive by having skyscraper and huge buildings and a great rail system. In less than a month they will acquire land,forcefully or by peace but will acquire it on time and begin building on time and complete things on time as well. 相反,如果这种事情发生在中国,他们会让事情尽可能快地发生,就像中国不断信奉的那样,通过摩天大楼和庞大的建造及铁路系统来展示自己的进步。他们能在一个月内以强制或和平的方式获得土地,按时开工并按时完成各项工作。
Jai Hind! 印度必胜! Image Source:-Youtube and Google images. 图像来源:Youtube和谷歌图片。 Abhishek Barnwal, B.Tech from National Institutes of Technology Let's see some medium and big infrastructural projects delayed in India, then we can ourselves derive the answer to the above question: 我们能看到印度的一些大中型基础设备项目延迟了,我们自己就可以得出上述问题的答案:
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